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Strategiegruppe Mineralische Ressourcen

Focus Area

Different types of marine mineral deposits (manganese nodules, massive sulfides, ferromanganese crusts, phosphorites), resource potential, and issues related to deep-sea mining

About 10 cm thick ferromanganese crust on a substrate rock from a seamount in the central Pacific (courtesy: Peter Halbach)High coverage of mainly small-sized nodules (diameter < 4 cm) at the seafloor of the eastern equatorial Pacific in 4200 m water depth Cross-section of a dead chimney from East Diamante Caldera, Mariana Islands, composed predominantly of sphalerite, barite, and amorphous silica (from Hein et al., 2014) 

Working Goals

Support and develop science for:


Work Packages



Andrea Koschinsky (Jacobs University Bremen)

Mark Hannington (GEOMAR Kiel)


Fauna at a seamount in the Pacific manganese nodule belt of the Clarion-Clipperton Zone (GEOMAR)

James R. Hein (US Geological Survey)

Karsten Haase (University of Erlangen)

Matthias Haeckel (GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel)  

Peter Halbach (Free University of Berlin)

Sven Petersen (GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel)

Thomas Kuhn (German  Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources Hannover)

Ulrich Schwarz-Schampera (German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources  Hannover)

Wolfgang Bach (University of Bremen)

Links of interest to Deep-Sea Mining


Feature papers of the special issue Marine Minerals for the open access journal Minerals.