Erkunden und verstehen

Mineralische Ressourcen

Prioritäten

Mitglieder

Projekte

Zum Thema

Aktuelle Meldungen

ForschungsPrioritäten

Der Fokus der Gruppe liegt auf der Erkundung verschiedener mariner mineralischer Vorkommen (Manganknollen, Massivsulfide, Eisen-Mangankrusten, Phosphorite) sowie Analysen über deren Ressourcen-Potenzial. Mit Blick auf die Zukunft liegt ein Forschungsschwerpunkt in der Untersuchung möglicher Umweltauswirkungen des Tiefseebergbaus. Die Strategiegruppe versteht sich als „honest broker“ und sieht ihren Beitrag in der unvoreingenommenen Weitergabe von Informationen an alle Beteiligten.

Verbreitung Mariner Mineralischer Rohstoffvorkommen

  • Ressourcenforschung auf regionaler Ebene – Aufstellen von Vorhersagemodellen möglicher mineralischer Vorkommen (predictive mapping)
  • Erstellung geologischer Karten der Tiefsee
  • globale Ressourcenbewertung und Standardisierung von Arbeitsprotokollen unter Berücksichtigung numerischer Modellierungen

Umweltfolgen eines Tiefseebergbaus

  • Umfassende Beurteilung des potenziellen Umwelteinflusses des Tiefseebergbaus
  • Einführung und Kontrolle von Umweltschutzzonen in der Tiefsee (Areas of Particular Environmental Interest)
  • Entwicklung von Standards und Richtlinien für die Umweltbewertung und die Etablierung innovativer Technologien in der Erkundung möglicher Abbaugebiete, bei Pilot-Mining-Tests und möglichen Abbautätigkeiten
  • Entwicklung umweltfreundlicher, abfallfreier „Zero-Waste“-Verarbeitungsverfahren für Manganknollen und Eisen-Mangankrusten
  • Rechtliche Kontrolle und Überwachung der Ressourcen der Tiefsee

Stakeholder-Austausch

  • Beratung von Politik und Wirtschaft
  • Öffentlichkeitsarbeit in den verschiedensten Medien; unter Berücksichtigung gesellschaftlicher Aspekte und Einbeziehung der Gesellschaft in die Thematik des Tiefseebergbaus mit dem Ziel einer unvoreingenommen Information aller Beteiligten (honest broker).
  • Vergleichende Beurteilung der Umweltfolgen des Tiefseebergbaus sowie anderer metallgewinnender Prozesse, wie Landbergbau und Recycling.

Projekte

Mehr in Kürze …

Mitglieder

Dr. Christian Müller (Co-Chair)

Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe

Research interests:

  • Marine mineral resource exploration
  • Environmental impacts of a future deep sea mining
  • Geological structure and energy resource potential of continental margins
  • Marine seismic acquisition techniques and methods development
  • Geological CO2 storage potentials
Dr. Christian Müller has been head of the „Marine Resource Exploration“ sub-department at the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) in Hannover since 2017. After completing his doctorate in geophysics at the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, he moved to the BGR, where he initially conducted research on gas hydrates and the structural geology of active and passive continental margins. He then spent several years working on the geological potential for CO2 storage in Germany. Currently, his work focuses on the occurrence and use of marine mineral resources (manganese nodules and polymetallic sulfides) as well as marine structural geological and geophysical investigations in the North Sea, Baltic Sea, and the North Atlantic.

Prof. Dr. Andrea Koschinsky-Fritsche (Co-Chair)

Jacobs University Bremen

Research Interests: 

  • (Bio-)geochemical cycling of trace metals in seawater
  • Genesis and resource potential of marine mineral resources
  • Environmental impacts of deep-sea mining
  • Solid-solution reactions
  • Geo-bio interfaces in marine systems
  • Hydrothermal metal fluxes

 

Andrea Koschinsky is professor of Geosciences at Jacobs University Bremen and a member of the MARUM research center, the DFG Senate Commission for Earth System Research, the Advisory Board of the DeepSea Mining Alliance, and co-chair of the KDM Strategy Group on Marine Mineral Resources. Her main research interest is in environmental geochemistry, specifically the analysis, chemical speciation and (bio-)geochemical cycling of trace metals in seawater, solid-solution reactions, metal-biota interactions and the characteristics and behavior of hydrothermal fluids. Within the field of deep-sea mining research, she focuses on the chemical composition, formation, and resource potential of marine mineral resources, as well as on the environmental impacts associated with their exploitation.

Dr. Christian Borowski

Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology

Research Interests:

  • Ecology of deep-sea hydrothermal vents and hydrocarbon seeps
  • Genetic connectivity of deep-sea invertebrates and their bacterial symbionts
  • Phylogeny and function of animal-bacteria symbioses
  • Impact of deep-sea mining on benthic communities
Christian Borowski started studying deep-sea ecology as a doctoral student at Univ. Hamburg in the framework of the pioneering in-situ experiment DISCOL, investigating the impact of deep-seabed mining on benthic communities, and he continued this work as a Postdoc in the successor program ATESEPP at Alfred Wegener Institute for Marine and Polar Research. Later work included research on chemosynthetic hydrothermal vent symbioses and the dynamics of microbial methane formation and degradation in organic-rich continental margin sediments. His current work at the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology centers around chemosynthetic symbioses at deep-sea vents and seeps, with focus on the use of nutritional resources by symbiotic bacteria, the phylogenetic relationships of hosts and symbionts, and the genetic connectivity among geographically separated symbiotic populations on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

Dr. Philipp Brandl

GEOMAR | Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel

Research interests:

  • Critical metals in magmatic-hydrothermal systems
  • Temporal evolution of magmatic systems
  • Geodynamic controls on georesources
  • Seafloor geology & exploration
  • Oceanic volcanism
Dr. Philipp A. Brandl is an igneous petrologist and geochemist by training who has diverse research interests ranging from volcanology and the evolution of igneous systems to geodynamics and ore deposit research. His research focuses on critical metals and metalloids in submarine magmatic-hydrothermal systems. The methods used in his research include petrology, geochemical and geospatial analyses, and modelling. He received his degrees from the FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg and spent two years as a postdoctoral research fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation at the prestigious Australian National University in Canberra before taking up his current position as a researcher within the Marine Mineral Resources Group at the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel.

Dr. Sebastian Fuchs

Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe

Dr. Karsten Haase

Universität Erlangen

Dr. James R. Hein

United States Geological Survey

Dr. Matthias Haeckel

GEOMAR Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel

Research interests:
  • Environmental impacts of deep-sea mining
  • Cold vents and gas hydrate systems
  • Subseafloor CO2 storage
  • Marine carbon cycle
Matthias Haeckel is a marine biogeochemist at the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel. He studied Chemistry at Kiel University and
received his PhD in Geology/Paleontology from Kiel University in 2000. In his research, he combines sea-going fieldwork with numerical modelling and high-pressure experiments to entangle and quantify early diagenetic
processes and how they are altered by anthropogenic uses of the ocean, such as methane hydrate and oil & gas production, sub-seabed CO2 storage, deep-sea mining. Since 2015, he is coordinating the large collaborative European project MiningImpact on the environmental risks and impacts of deep-seabed mining.

Prof. Dr. Peter Halbach

Freie Universität Berlin

Prof. Dr. Mark Hannington

University of Ottawa

Dr. Luise Heinrich

Jacobs University Bremen and GEOMAR Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel

Research interests: 

  • Interdisciplinary environmental impact assessment
  • Sustainability Science
  • Contribution of deep-sea mining to sustainable development
  • Comparative assessment of terrestrial and deep-sea mining impacts
  • Quantification and regulation of greenhouse gas emissions related to deep-sea mining
Luise Heinrich specializes in environmental studies and sustainability science. After completing her B.Sc. in “Integrated Environmental Studies”, her M.Sc. in “Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science” and her Ph.D. in “Geosciences”, she is now works as a Jacobs University Bremen and GEOMAR Helmholtz-Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, where she, for example, coordinates the JPI-Oceans MiningImpact project. Her research focus is on deep-sea mining, specifically on the quantification and regulation of greenhouse gas emissions arising from the exploitation of marine minerals, the potential contribution of deep-sea mining to sustainable development, as well as the comparative assessment of terrestrial and deep-sea mining impacts.

Dr. Manuel Keith

Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, GeoZentrum Nordbayern

Dr. Terue C. Kihara

INES Integrated Environmental Solutions UG c/o Senckenberg am Meer – DZMB

Research interests:

  • Meio-, macro-, and megafauna of hydrothermal systems
  • Taxonomy and systematics of benthic Copepods
  • DNA-barcoding and NGS – Next generation Sequencing
  • CLSM – Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy
I began my career at São Paulo University researching on taxonomy and systematics of Copepoda for my PhD. For several years I worked with integrative taxonomy of crustaceans, combining classical morphology, confocal laser scanning microscopy/scanning electron microscopy imaging techniques and genetic methods. During this period, I was also engaged in different research projects involving the biodiversity of meio-, macro- and megafauna. Currently, I am a researcher at INES Integrated Environmental Solutions UG c/o Senckenberg am Meer – DZMB and my research interests are focused on investigating the fauna associated with polymetallic sulphides of the Indian Ocean hydrothermal vents to characterize the benthic communities along the Central and Southeast Indian Ridge, not only in terms of species diversity, abundance and distribution but also to recognize the factors that control and maintain the diversity in these areas.

Dr. Charlotte Kleint

MARUM Zentrum für marine Umweltwissenschaften, Universität Bremen & Jacobs University Bremen

Research interests: 

  • Geochemical fluid composition of shallow and deep-sea hydrothermal vent systems
  • Stabilization and transport of hydrothermally derived metals in the water column
  • Trace metal fluxes in the ocean
  • Organic and inorganic complexation of trace metals

Dr. Hermann Kudrass

MARUM Zentrum für marine Umweltwissenschaften, Universität Bremen

Dr. Thomas Kuhn

Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe

Dr. Sven Petersen

GEOMAR Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel

Research Interests: 

  • formation and evolution of marine mineral resources
  • global assessments of marine resource potential
  • mineralogy and geochemistry of seafloor massive sulfides
  • development of exploration technologies
Sven Petersen received his PhD from Freiberg University (Germany) in 2000 after spending a number of years in Germany and Canada working on seafloor hydrothermal systems. He remained in Freiberg until 2004 when he joined GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel in Germany. His research focuses on understanding the processes that form and change seafloor hydrothermal systems with time. He spent over 36 months at sea researching all ocean basins. Major aims of his research are to understand the evolution and the chemical and mineralogical variability as well as the resource potential of submarine massive sulfides and other marine mineral resources. He uses mobile drilling techniques and various geophysical methods as well as autonomous underwater vehicles to search for and assess these mineral occurrences.

Prof. Dr. Sylvia Sander

GEOMAR | Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel

Research interests: 

  • Trace metal speciation in and around marine mineral resources
  • hydrothermal vent and plume biogeochemistry
  • Bioavailability of metals
  • Anthropogenic metals contamination
Sylvia Sander is a Helmholtz Distinguished Professor for Marine Mineral Resources at GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel with a joint appointment at the Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel. Her research interest lies in the speciation and toxicity of trace metals in the marine ecosystem specifically in and around hydrothermal vents. Before joining the UN IAEA as the Section Head of the Marine Environmental Studies Laboratory in Monaco in 2017, she held a position as Research Associate Professor, and Director of the NIWA/University of Otago Research Centre for Oceanography at the University Otago/New Zealand. She graduated from the Technical University Kaiserslautern, Germany.

Dr. Ulrich Schwarz-Schampera

Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe | z.Zt. International Seabed Authority